Alabama has a strict liability law that holds an owner absolutely liable for injury caused by the owner’s dog if it bites a person lawfully on the owner’s property or while the person is being chased by the dog from the property. The dog does not get “one free bite.”
A dog owner can also be liable for injury caused by the dog if the animal has bitten or attempted to bite a person in the past or is of a breed known for having “vicious propensities” to bite, such as a Pit Bull or Rottweiler, etc. There has even been a ruling by an Alabama Court that a Cocker Spaniel is of a breed with a “vicious propensity” to bite.
In all dog bite cases it is essential that measures be taken to ensure prompt medical attention to the victim and to notify authorities.